Lesson 5 ðŸ‘‰ Functions

Do Now (copy into IDE)

``````import random
random.randint(0, 3)
random.randint(0, 3)
print random.randint(0, 3)
print random.randint(0, 3)
print random.randint(0, 3)
# What does randint do?
# What do the values 0 and 3 do?
# Try changing those numbers, rerun the program, and write down what changed.
# What is the difference between random.randint(0,3) and print(random.randint(0,3))?
``````

`print` is a built-in functionâ€“ it takes an input and produces some output when you use it.

Functions

Why use functions?
â†’ Reusable Code
If you find yourself doing something more than once, make it a function.

In other wordsâ€¦

• **Be lazy. **
• **Donâ€™t repeat yourself. **
• Make the computer do the work.

Functions have to be defined and then called:

``````def name_of_function(this):
"""What it do???"""
print "It prints " + this + "!"
``````

Take a look at this oneâ€¦

``````def power(base, exponent):
result = base**exponent
print "%d to the power of %d is %d." % (base, exponent, result)

power(37, 4)
``````

Write a for loop to print only the odd numbers from this list

`list = [3,4,7,13,54,32,653,256,1,41,65,83,92,31]``

Now, iterate and turn your loop into a function called `find_odds` that takes an input and prints the odd numbers in ANY list.

`def find_odds(input):``

To exceed standards, create functions to ADD all of the odd numbers in a list. Then create a function to add all of the even numbers in a list. Test your functions using a randomly generated list of numbers.

`def odd_sum(input):`
`def even_sum(input):`

Make a random list

``````import random
my_randoms = random.sample(range(100), 15)
``````

Checklist

Meeting Standards (3) - for loop prints odd numbers from list - function `find_odds` takes a list, prints odds. ```python def find_odds(input): ```

Exceeding Standards (4) - function `odd_sum` adds up all odd numbers - function `even_sum` adds up all even numbers